School Wear and General Appearance
- Learners should be neatly dressed in their school uniforms daily, unless otherwise determined by the
- Girl’s hair must have a neat appearance. If long, the hair must be neatly tied with the
approved accessories viz. Red/White/Black ribbon or Alice-band/hairband/tokio’s/bobbin.
- Boy’s hair must be short and evenly cut.
- Highlights and coloured hair are not allowed.
- All learners are allowed to wear a wristwatch.
- Earrings, necklaces and bangles are prohibited for boys and girls. (Parents are responsible
should an injury occur if sleeper/stud ear-rings are worn).
- Nails of both boys and girls must be short and well cared for.
- Polished nails are not allowed.
- All learners are expected to attend school regularly and punctually.
- All learners are required to assemble in designated areas by 7h30 daily.
- Should a learner be absent from school, his/her parent is required to notify the school in writing,
- Learner truancy/absence from class/bunking will not be tolerated.
It is expected that each educator will together with the learners develop their own classroom rules. The
following rules are applicable to all classes:
- Every educator is responsible for discipline at all times at the school and at school related
activities. Educators have full authority and the responsibility to correct the behaviour of
learners whenever such correction is necessary at the school. Serious misconduct must be referred to
the Principal of the school.
- Learners must commit themselves to do their school work during classes, complete assigned homework
and catch up on work missed because of absence.
- An educator’s instruction must be followed at all times. Under no circumstances will the
undermining/disregard of an educator be tolerated
- Classrooms may only be left with the permission of an educator.
Care of the School Property
- Every learner is expected to protect and use all school equipment and facilities with care.
- Vandalism will not be tolerated.
- Any learner who intentionally misuses, damages or defaces any school property should replace it or
pay for the damage to property.
Drug, Alcohol and Weapon Free Zone
Learners are prohibited from the following:
- Smoking, alcohol, drug use - is not permissible at the school.
- Possession of cigarettes, cigarette lighters, matches, drugs, alcoholic drinks, pornographic
material, firearms, knives and other dangerous weapons - is prohibited at the school.
Violence, Bullying and Foul language
- No violence, bullying, intimidation or threatening of any kind is allowed at the school.
- Learners are not allowed to swear or use foul language.
Property of Learners
- Learners are not allowed to bring computer games, CD players, radios, cell phones, iPods, etc to
school unless permission to do so has been obtained from the Principal.
- Learners are encouraged not to bring valuable items to school. In cases where such items must be
brought to school they should be handed in to the office for safekeeping.
- Stealing/Theft is prohibited at the school/
Early Departure from School
- No learner may leave the school premises without permission from the office during school hours.
- The school prefers that appointments to e.g. doctors, dentists, etc be made after school hours or
over the holidays.
- A learner who needs leave during school hours must supply the office with a letter from the parent
requesting permission for leave.
- A learner who falls sick during school hours must report to the class teacher, who will contact the
parent. Learners must be signed out by a parent or delegated adult upon collecting/fetching such
- Under no circumstances will learners be allowed to sell anything at the school, unless it relates to
school fundraising or a project for which a teacher has sought the necessary permission.
- Dishonesty, telling of lies, indecency or an act which in the opinion of the Principal is
condemnable will be acted upon by the Principal.
- Disrespect towards the national symbols (national flag, anthem, etc) of the Republic of South Africa
as well as the school flag and anthem will not be tolerated.
- Any ill disciplined behaviour in the classroom, on the school premises, during school
trips/excursions or any school function, including any action that brings the school into disrepute
will not be tolerated.
- All litter must be thrown in the bins provided and not thrown around the class or school.
- Learners must not disregard/undermine the authority of the Principal or Staff of the school.
- Disruption of classes or school by learners is prohibited.
- Learners are not allowed to enter areas restricted by the Principal/SMT.
In an effort to maintain discipline at the school and ensure that teaching and learning is not disrupted through
behavioural problems, the SGB puts forwards the disciplinary rules described below.
The following acts are considered as Ordinary offences:
- Late coming
- Failure to complete school work (class work and homework) given.
- Playing truant or bunking periods.
- Littering anywhere on the school premises.
- Use of foul language.
- Incorrect uniform
- Minor disruptive behaviour
- Educators will resolve the above stated offences and keep records of the date of offence, type of
offence, name of learner and how the matter was resolved. The educator may counsel the learner, use
verbal warnings or written reprimand to resolve the problem.
After three ordinary offences have been recorded against a learner the matter must be referred to
the Principal who together with the educator shall implement one of the following measures:
- Inform the parent telephonically and/or in writing in an effort to resolve unacceptable
- Give the learner supervised school work, ensuring that parents are informed timeously
- Suspend the learner from some school activities e.g. sport, cultural activities
- Should the learner continue to commit ordinary offences, a warning letter will be sent to the
parent, if the behaviour persists the parent will be called to school to discuss the matter and the
likelihood of serious action being taken by the school.
Schedule 1 - Misconduct
A learner will be guilty of Schedule 1 misconduct if he/she:
- seriously threatens, disrupts or frustrates teaching or learning in a class;
- engages in a conspiracy to disrupt the proper functioning of the school through collective
- insults the dignity of or defames any learner or any other person, which includes racist
- distributes, or is in the possession of any test or examination material that may enable
another person to gain an unfair advantage in a test or examination;
- cheats in a test or examination or any other form of assessment such as assignments;
- engages in any act of public indecency;
- sexually harasses another person;
- is found in possession of or distributes pornographic material;
- Smokes or is in possession of cigarettes; or
- Is under the influence or in the possession of alcohol/any drugs or prohibited substance.
- After Schedule 1-misconduct has been noted against a learner’s name, the matter should be referred
in writing to the Principal of the school. Following a thorough investigation and confirmation of
the allegation a written warning, the Principal will send a written warning to the parent.
- A further offence in this category will be dealt with as per serious misconduct.
Schedule 2 – Serious Misconduct
The following acts are considered as Serious Misconduct:
- Indecent assault;
- Sexual harassment with aggravating circumstances;
- Assault with the intention to do grievous bodily harm;
- Common assault of an educator;
- Serious intimidation of other learner(s), teaching and non-teaching staff;
- Malicious damage of the school/state property;
- Theft with aggravating circumstances;
- Possession of dangerous weapons on school premises;
- The possession, sale or abuse of illegal substances;
The possession of obscene material including;
material depicting sexual images in all its forms;
- Being on the school premises or at a school function outside the school premises while under
the influence of intoxicating liquor or illegal substances;
- The theft of examination papers or the possession or sale of such stolen examination papers;
- Repeated Ordinary Offences and Schedule 1 Misconduct
- After a serious misconduct has been noted against a learner’s name, the matter should be referred in
writing to the Principal of the school. Following a thorough investigation and confirmation of the
allegation the matter must be referred to the Disciplinary Committee.
Responsibilities of Learners
- On acceptance of the Code of Conduct by parents, learners must adhere to the Code of Conduct.
- The Learner Leadership (Prefects) should promote the code of conduct for learners but does not have the
authority to punish other learners.
Responsibilities of Parents Regarding the Code of Conduct
- The ultimate responsibility for learner behaviour rests with the parent who is expected to support the
school and ensure that learners observe the school rules and regulations and accept responsibility for their
- Parents/Guardians should attend meeting convened by the Governing Body/SMT for them.
Due Process in the Event of Serious Misconduct
In accordance with Government Gazette 189 of 1990 and Provincial Gazette 236 of 1997, the following
procedure will be followed in the event of serious misconduct in order to ensure a fair hearing of the case.
The penalties of suspension or expulsion can only be imposed after the due process described below has been
- Any learner alleged to have violated any rule that may require suspension or expulsion must be
brought to the Principal. The Principal shall hear the evidence and then decide on the action to be
- In the event that the learner is to be charged with serious misconduct, the Principal must inform
the learner’s parents in writing of the proposed action and arrange for a fair hearing by a small
disciplinary committee consisting of members designated by the SGB.
- The Principal must write a written report of the case to the District Director explaining the
decision to charge the learner.
- A copy of written charges shall be delivered to the learner concerned and his/her parents/guardians
by handing it over to him/her personally; and forward it by prepaid registered post to the parents
or guardians last known residential address.
- If the leaner admits the charge, either in writing or orally in person before the Principal, he or
she shall be deemed guilty of serious misconduct as charged.
- At the hearing, the Principal of a Public School which a learner attends or an official appointed in
writing by the Head of Department shall be the presiding officer.
- In the case where a learner admits his or her guilt on a charge of serious misconduct, the Principal
or the appointed official should make recommendation/s on the correctional measures to be imposed,
to the District Director, or in the event that expulsion of such learner is recommended to the Head
of Department, or the presiding officer shall in writing appoint an educator at the school
concerned, to act as prosecuting officer in the hearing.
- In the case where the learner denies his/her guilt on a charge of serious misconduct, hears the
charge in the set out below and, upon a finding of guilty, makes a recommendation on the
correctional measures to be imposed.
- For the hearing learners must be informed and understand the charge, with five (5) days notice,
indicating time, place and date.
- At the hearing the prosecuting officer may present facts by the way of adducing oral written
statements or documentary evidence.
At the hearing the learner shall have the right to be personally present and to be represented by
his/her parents/guardians or a person nominated by the learner or his/her parents/guardian who shall
have the right:
- be heard by impartial persons
- treated with dignity during the process
- to present facts from the learner by adducing his/her statement, either in writing or orally
or documentary evidence in defence of the learner.
- to question any witness called in support of the charge.
- to have access to documentary evidence produced in support of the charge.
- be informed in writing of the decision if it is suspension or expulsion
- The School Governing Body is obliged to keep a complete record of proceedings and outcome of the
In the event of the learner being found guilty, the Presiding Officer may impose the following
correctional measure upon the learner found guilty or deemed to be guilty of the charge:
- caution or reprimand the learner
- direct his/her detention after school hours for a specific period of time.
- Suspension of up to one week or for a reasonable period while awaiting the approval of the
Head of Department for expulsion.
- The disciplinary proceedings contemplated here shall be conducted in a fair, equitable, open and
Suspension of a Learner for Serious Misconduct
- According to Section 9(1) of SASA, a School Governing Body (SGB) may, on reasonable grounds and as a
precautionary measure, suspend a learner who is suspected of serious misconduct from attending school, but
may only enforce such suspension, after the learner has been granted a reasonable opportunity to make
representations to it in relation to such suspension.
- If a learner is suspended, the Governing Body must conduct the disciplinary proceedings within 7 (seven)
days of the suspension, failing which, the governing body must obtain the approval of the HOD for the
continuation of the suspension of such a learner.
- According to Section 9(1)(C) of SASA, a Governing Body may, after a fair hearing, suspend a learner from
attending school, as a sanction for a period not longer than 7 (seven) school days.
- According to Section 9(1)(E) of SASA, a Governing Body may suspend or extend the suspension of a learner for
a period not longer than 14 days, pending a decision as to whether the learner is to be expelled from the
school by the HOD.
Serious Misconduct and the Law
- Serious misconduct which may include offences according to the law must be investigated by the police and
referred to the Court if necessary.
Institution of which may Lead to Suspension or Expulsion
- The learner must be questioned by the Principal.
- On the basis of evidence collected, the Principal may institute a disciplinary hearing.
- Only the Principal may institute disciplinary action against a learner in respect of serious
The Principal may institute disciplinary action against a learner in respect of serious misconduct
- There is sufficient evidence to institute such proceedings; and
- the Principal considers it to be the interest of the school and its community that such
action should be instituted.
Disciplinary Committee (DC) for Serious Misconduct
- Upon the advice of the principal, the SGB must appoint a DC to adjudicate the allegation of serious
- The DC appointed by the SGB must comprise of three persons who are members of the SGB or are nominated by
The DC is subjected to the following conditions:
- The chairperson of DC must be a parent member or community member of the SGB.
- The two remaining members of the disciplinary committee may not be the Principal or a learner at the
- No person may be appointed to the disciplinary committee if he or she has personal knowledge of any
matter that may be in dispute at the hearing.
- In appointing members of the disciplinary committee, issues of representivity in terms of gender and race
must be reflected in the composition of the panel.
Procedure for Hearing of Serious Misconduct
- Regulation 5 of the Notice outlines the procedures for hearing of serious misconduct and other steps to be
followed to ensure that the process is fair and transparent.
The principle of FAIRNESS is expected to apply during the disciplinary proceedings:
- The principles of fairness require that the accused person understands all the allegations against
him or her, and is given a fair opportunity to respond to those allegations.
- This would therefore require that an opportunity be provided for the cross-examination of a person
making allegations by the person against whom the allegations are made.
- The learner has the right to be represented by the legal representative.
- The evidence before the DC must be fairly evaluated and considered, and a decision must be taken
without bias, malice or prejudice against anyone.
- The circumstance of the accused person must be considered, and mitigation factors (such as the
matter being a first offence) should be taken into account.
- Equality before the law requires that there be no unfair discrimination, directly or indirectly, on
the basis of inter alia race, gender, age or religion.
- It also requires that like cases should be treated alike.
- The SGB makes a recommendation for expulsion to the HOD after a fair hearing.
- This recommendation of the DC must be forwarded to the HOD in writing.
- The parents of the learner must be notified in writing of their right to forward an accompanying letter with
the recommendation, stating their position on the incident, if they so wish. This letter may serve as a part
of the appeal process.
- The HOD then investigates the procedural and substantive aspects of the guilty verdict and the sanction
- The HOD's decision, after due consideration of the reports and the record of proceedings from the DC,
together with the optional letter from parent, is final.
- If the HOD expels a learner who is of compulsory school age, he/she must ensure that the learner is admitted
to another school.
- If the HOD decides to impose on the learner a lesser punishment, other than expulsion, he/she may, after
consultation with the SGB, impose a suitable sanction on the learner, or if he/she decides not to impose a
sanction on the learner, he/she will refer the matter back to the SGB for an alternative sanction.
- A learner or the parent(s) of a learner who has been expelled or a representative designated by him/her may
appeal against the decision of the HOD to the MEC, within 14 (fourteen) days.
- Alternative arrangements for the continued education of the learner who has appealed must be made by the
HOD, until the appeal has been finalised.
- The MEC must, within 5 (five) days notify the HOD and SGB that the appeal has been lodged and furnish them
with a copy thereof, and request them, within 5 (five) days after receipt of the appeal, to make comments
with regard to the appellant’s reasons for the appeal and any other information relevant to the appeal.
- After consideration of all the information, the MEC must, within 5 (five) days of receipt of the
documentation, provide the learner with the decision regarding the appeal.
If an appeal by a learner who has been expelled from a public school is upheld by the Member of the Executive
Council, the Member of the Executive Council must ensure that a suitable sanction is then imposed on the learner
within 14 days of the date on which the appeal was upheld.